Rice, C. A. & Rutan, J. S. (1987). Inpatient group psychotherapy. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Hearing and understanding patients must always take precedence over the blind application of guidelines, no matter how helpful they may seem (p. 131).
Ormont, L. (1992). The group therapy experience from theory to practice. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
As strong as our impulse is for change, for gain, for novelty, perhaps no one lives without virtually as strong an impulse to hold on to familiar habits and practices, patterns that offered protection, or seemed to (p. 119).
We can’t learn the new if we don’t let go of the old (p. 120).
Resistance ‘resists’ insight and emotional change (p. 122).
All resistances promise peace as a way of avoiding some unpleasant truth or reality (p. 124).
Sarra, N. (1998). Connection and disconnection in the art therapy group. In S. Scaife, & V. Huet, (Eds.), Art psychotherapy groups: Between pictures and words (p. 69-87). London: Routledge.
There are times when an art therapy group seems an almost impossible undertaking; when everything seems set against the development of the therapeutic space and we as therapists are filled with feelings of inadequacy and hopelessness (p. 69).
…the image plays a crucial part in all this. …it stands between self and other and perhaps can be controlled. At least its fate is in the hands of its maker. It can be hated and it will survive. This is beginning to sound like the attitude towards the therapist and indeed there is a similarity (p. 76).
The image in art therapy is therefore, like the therapist, a container, but everyone can reflect upon it potentially in an ‘out there’ reality-based way, which may be more tangible than the shifting internal world of the therapist or other group members.